Periodontal disease or gum disease is caused by a bacteria that collects along the gum line as plaque. Some bacterias are harmless but some are harmful for the health of your teeth.

If not properly removed or brushed away the gum starts to come away from the teeth and over the course of time the bone will destroy the teeth which will become loose and may result in having them removed.

A few factors that put people at a higher risk are; Diabetes, smoking, poor diet, certain medications and stress.

How To Keep Plaque At Bay

Make sure you attend regular check- ups with your dentist and hygienist as they will detect early stages of gum disease. Other factors to look out for yourself at home are red swollen gums, bad breath, bleeding gums, teeth that become loose or sensitive, if any of these signs are noticed at home, get yourself checked in with your dentist or hygienist and they will best diagnose you, and work out the best treatment plan to suit you.

How To Treat Gum Disease

There are treatments aimed at reducing the bacteria and prevent the disease getting worse. Although treatment cannot replace any bone already lost, any hard calculus will be removed from your teeth by scaling during your hygienist appointment. At home, try to remember to brush your teeth at least twice a day and floss regularly. If you have severe gum disease, you’ll usually need to have further medical and dental treatment. In some cases surgery may need to be carried out. This will usually be performed by a specialist in gum problems (Periodontics).

Why Is It Important To See The Hygienist?

The importance of hygienist appointments are because in the first Stage of gum disease it can usually be treated by seeing a hygienist for a scale and polish, if caught in the early stages then more severe treatment wont usually be necessary. A 20 to 40 minute appointment going forward is all that would be needed with regular 6 month reviews. Deeper scaling and charting of any problem areas is required, 3-4 small x-rays may also be required.

Benefits of Gum Disease Treatment will include your teeth will become less mobile; your gums will not be sore or bleed when brushing, Less discomfort and a
fresher mouth feeling.

In some cases if the tooth cannot be saved you may have to have them extracted. These could be replaced with dentures, bridges, or possibly an implant. However your dentist is best to advise you on the best possible option.

Stain removal will be carried out when the gums are in a better condition. This can take 20 to40 minutes depending on the severity of the staining.

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